Exported goods are predominantly produced by the mining, fuel, power, metallurgical, chemical and grain industries. The main trade partners are Russia and other CIS countries, China and Europe.
The Baikonur Cosmodrome, the world's first and largest space launch facility, is located in southern Kazakhstan and covers an area of 6.717 sq km. It was opened in 1957 upon completion of the first phase of the construction works and launch of the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile - the R-7. For 30 years, the Baikonur Cosmodrome had been expanding. The launch pads for new types of missiles, assembly workshops, fueling stations, complexes for missiles management and monitoring as well as other facilities and infrastructure were developed. The main launch site at the Baikonur Cosmodrome is launch site No.1, commonly known as Gagarin's Start.
Stable growth of all economy sectors, political stability and international recognition became a basis for prosperity of Kazakhstan’s society.